Range Rover Evoque: Parking Brake and Actuation

Parking Brake - Component Location

NOTE: RHD (right-hand drive) installation shown, LHD (left-hand drive) installation similar.

COMPONENT LOCATION

Range Rover Evoque. Parking Brake and Actuation

  1. ABS (anti-lock brake system) module
  2. Instrument cluster
  3. EPB (electronic parking brake) switch
  4. RH (right-hand)EPB actuator
  5. LH (left-hand)EPB actuator
  6. EPB module

Parking Brake - Overview

OVERVIEW

The EPB (electronic parking brake) is an electrically actuated system that operates the calipers on the rear brakes. The system consists of:

The EPB is controlled by the EPB module, which uses the EPB actuators to apply and release the rear disc brakes.

Operation of the EPB is initiated by the EPB switch and software within the EPB module. The EPB has the following operating modes:

Signals from other vehicle systems for operation of the EPB are transmitted to the EPB module on the high speed CAN (controller area network) bus.

Parking Brake - System Operation and Component Description

Control Diagram

NOTE: A = Hardwired; D = High speed CAN (controller area network) bus.

Range Rover Evoque. Parking Brake - System Operation and Component Description

  1. Battery
  2. EJB (engine junction box)
  3. RJB (rear junction box)
  4. EPB (electron c parking brake) switch
  5. EPB module
  6. LH (left-hand)EPB actuator
  7. RH (right-hand)EPB actuator
  8. Instrument cluster
  9. Diagnostic socket
  10. Wheel speed sensor (4 off)
  11. ABS (anti-lock brake system) module
  12. ECM (engine control module)
  13. 1st gear switch (manual transmission vehicles only)
  14. Neutral sensor (manual transmission vehicles only)
  15. TCM (transmission control module) (automat c transmission vehicles only)
  16. APP (accelerator pedal position) sensor
  17. CJB (central junction box)
  18. Clutch position sensor (manual transmission vehicles only)
  19. Reverse gear switch (manual transmission vehicles only)
  20. Stop lamp switch

System Operation

When the parking brake is applied with the EPB switch, the EPB module uses the wheel speed inputs from the ABS module to determine when to use the static and dynamic modes of operation. It uses the static mode at vehicle speeds up to 2 mph (3 km/h) and the dynamic mode at vehicle speeds greater than 2 mph (3 km/h).

STATIC APPLY/RELEASE

For the static apply to operate, the ignition can be on or off. When the EPB switch is pulled up, the EPB module activates both EPB actuators to apply the brakes and signals the instrument cluster to turn on the red parking brake warning indicator. The warning indicator remains on continuously while the ignition is on, and for 10 seconds after the ignition goes off.

For the static release to operate, the ignition must be on and the brake pedal pressed. When the EPB switch is pressed down, the EPB module then activates both EPB actuators to release the brakes and signals the instrument cluster to turn off the red parking brake warning indicator.

GRADIENT DEPENDANT APPLY

For all static apply modes, the EPB module varies the clamp load applied by the EPB actuators depending on the gradient the vehicle is on. On gradients of less than 10% a reduced clamp load of 13.5 kN is applied. On gradients of 10% and above the nominal clamp load of 16.5 kN is applied.

Gradient dependant apply is inhibited, and the nominal clamp load of 16.5 kN applied on gradients of less than 10%, if the EPB switch is held in the apply position for more than 3 seconds.

IGNITION OFF APPLY

The EPB is automat cally applied when the ignition is switched off.

The EPB module inhibits the ignition off apply operation if the EPB switch is held down, the ignition is turned off within 5 seconds, and the EPB switch is then held down for a further 2 seconds.

DRIVE AWAY RELEASE

With the vehicle static and the parking brake applied, the DAR (drive away release) mode gradually reduces the clamp load when the accelerator pedal is pressed, without the EPB switch being set to the release position, to assist with a smooth drive away. This mode is only active if either the driver door is closed, or if the driver safety belt is buckled and the engine is running.

The point at which the EPB module releases the brakes is determined by the following factors:

DAR operation can be delayed by holding the EPB switch in the applied position, then releasing it at the required time.

AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION APPLY/RELEASE

The parking brake is automatically applied on vehicles with automatic transmission when P (park) is selected.

The parking brake is automatically released when the transmission selector is taken out of P, provided either the driver door is closed, or the driver safety belt is buckled, the brake pedal is applied and the engine is running.

HIGH TEMPERATURE RE-CLAMP

After heavy use of the brakes the disc temperatures can be extremely high. At high brake disc temperatures, if the vehicle is stationary and the parking brake is applied, the EPB module automat cally re-applies the parking brake as the brake discs cool down. A temperature model in the EPB module software calculates the brake disc temperature from brake application force, the time the brake force is applied and vehicle speed.

High temperature re-clamp occurs at brake disc temperatures of 300

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