Range Rover Evoque: Power Flows

Operation of the transmission is controlled by the TCM which electrically activates various solenoids to control the transmission gear selection. The sequence of solenoid activation is based on programmed information in the TCM memory and physical transmission operating conditions such as vehicle speed, throttle position, engine load and the TCS position.

  1. Clutch - C2
  2. Brake - B2
  3. One-way clutch - F1
  4. Brake - B1
  5. Clutch - C1
  6. Clutch - C3

Power Flow - 1st Gear Engine Braking

Solenoid Operation

Range Rover Evoque. Automatic Transmission/Transaxle - Vehicles With: AWF21 6-Speed Automatic Transmission

X = Operating

When the engine brake is active, driving force is transmitted to the transmission from the road wheels, via the power transfer unit. The rear planetary carrier is locked from clockwise rotation by the one-way clutch (F1) and brake (B2). This results in torque from the wheels being transmitted directly to the engine, providing engine braking.

Solenoid Operation

Range Rover Evoque. Automatic Transmission/Transaxle - Vehicles With: AWF21 6-Speed Automatic Transmission

X = Operating

Clutch and Brake Operation

Range Rover Evoque. Automatic Transmission/Transaxle - Vehicles With: AWF21 6-Speed Automatic Transmission

X = Operating

The planetary gear trains are in the following conditions:

Front Planetary Gear Train

The input shaft rotates in a clockwise direction, driven by the torque converter. The planetary ring gear rotates in a clockwise direction along with the planetary pinion gear which also rotates clockwise on its axis and orbit. The planetary sun gear is locked by the fluid pump which causes it to press against the planetary ring gear and orbit the sun gear, rotating on its axis.

The front planetary carrier rotates clockwise in the same direction as the planetary pinion gear. The clutch (C1) is activated and locks the planetary carrier to the rear planetary sun gear.

Rear Planetary Gear Train

The planetary sun gear rotates in a clockwise direction. The planetary short pinion gear rotates in a counter-clockwise direction. The planetary carrier attempts to rotate in the same direction but is restrained by the one-way clutch (F1).

The long pinion gear rotates clockwise on its axis and the middle sun gear rotates counter-clockwise while idling. The ring gear is rotated by the long pinion gear and drives the counter drive gear in a clockwise direction.

The counter driven gear is driven in a counter-clockwise direction which in turn drives the differential ring gear in a clockwise direction.

Power Flow - 2nd Gear

Solenoid Operation

Range Rover Evoque. Automatic Transmission/Transaxle - Vehicles With: AWF21 6-Speed Automatic Transmission

X = Operating

Clutch and Brake Operation

Range Rover Evoque. Automatic Transmission/Transaxle - Vehicles With: AWF21 6-Speed Automatic Transmission

X = Operating

The planetary gear trains are in the following conditions:

Front Planetary Gear Train

The input shaft rotates in a clockwise direction, driven by the torque converter. The planetary ring gear rotates in a clockwise direction along with the planetary pinion gear which also rotates clockwise on its axis and orbit. The planetary sun gear is locked by the fluid pump which causes it to press against the planetary ring gear and orbit the sun gear, rotating on its axis.

The front planetary carrier rotates clockwise in the same direction as the planetary pinion gear. The clutch (C1) is activated and locks the planetary carrier to the rear planetary sun gear.

Rear Planetary Gear Train

The planetary sun gear and the carrier rotate in a clockwise direction. The middle sun gear is locked by the brake (B1). The short pinion gears rotate counter-clockwise on its axis and orbits in a clockwise direction. The long pinion gears rotates clockwise on its axis and its orbit.

The ring gear is rotated in a clockwise direction by the long pinion gear. The ring gear and the counter drive gear both rotate in a clockwise direction.

The counter driven gear is driven in a counter-clockwise direction which in turn drives the differential ring gear in a clockwise direction.

NOTE: Engine braking is available when this gear is selected.

Power Flow - 3rd Gear

Solenoid Operation

Range Rover Evoque. Automatic Transmission/Transaxle - Vehicles With: AWF21 6-Speed Automatic Transmission

X = Operating

Clutch and Brake Operation

Range Rover Evoque. Automatic Transmission/Transaxle - Vehicles With: AWF21 6-Speed Automatic Transmission

X = Operating

The planetary gear trains are in the following conditions:

Front Planetary Gear Train

The input shaft rotates in a clockwise direction, driven by the torque converter. The planetary ring gear rotates in a clockwise direction along with the planetary pinion gear which also rotates clockwise on its axis and orbit. The planetary sun gear is locked by the fluid pump which causes it to press against the planetary ring gear and orbit the sun gear, rotating on its axis.

The front planetary carrier rotates clockwise in the same direction as the planetary pinion gear. The clutch (C1) is activated and locks the planetary carrier to the rear planetary sun gear. Clutch (C3) is also activated and locks the carrier to the middle sun gear.

Rear Planetary Gear Train

The planetary short pinion gear and the long pinion gear are engaged which causes both pinion gears to lock due to the different rotational directions. Torque from the sun gear and middle sun gear is transmitted to the planetary ring gear which rotates clockwise in the same direction as the planetary carrier.

The counter drive gear rotates in a clockwise direction with the ring gear.

The counter driven gear is rotated in a counter-clockwise direction which in turn drives the differential ring gear in a clockwise direction.

NOTE: Engine braking is available when this gear is selected.

Power Flow - 4th Gear

Solenoid Operation

Range Rover Evoque. Automatic Transmission/Transaxle - Vehicles With: AWF21 6-Speed Automatic Transmission

X = Operating

Clutch and Brake Operation

Range Rover Evoque. Automatic Transmission/Transaxle - Vehicles With: AWF21 6-Speed Automatic Transmission

X = Operating

The planetary gear trains are in the following conditions:

Front Planetary Gear Train

The input shaft rotates in a clockwise direction, driven by the torque converter. The planetary ring gear rotates in a clockwise direction along with the planetary pinion gear which also rotates clockwise on its axis and orbit. The planetary sun gear is locked by the fluid pump which causes it to press against the planetary ring gear and orbit the sun gear, rotating on its axis.

The front planetary carrier rotates clockwise in the same direction as the planetary pinion gear. The clutch (C1) is activated and locks the planetary carrier to the rear planetary sun gear. The intermediate shaft rotates in the same direction as the input shaft. Clutch (C2) is also activated rotates in the same direction as the intermediate shaft.

Rear Planetary Gear Train

The planetary carrier rotates in a clockwise direction with the intermediate shaft. The short pinion gear rotates clockwise on its axis and orbits at a faster speed than the sun gear. The long pinion gear rotates counter-clockwise on its axis and orbit. The rotation of the ring gear is in a clockwise direction and is slower than the rotation of the carrier due to the long pinion gear's rotation is counteracted by the planetary carrier.

The counter drive gear rotates in a clockwise direction with the ring gear.

The counter driven gear is rotated in a counter-clockwise direction which in turn drives the differential ring gear in a clockwise direction.

NOTE: Engine braking is available when this gear is selected.

Power Flow - 5th Gear

Solenoid Operation

Range Rover Evoque. Automatic Transmission/Transaxle - Vehicles With: AWF21 6-Speed Automatic Transmission

X = Operating

Clutch and Brake Operation

Range Rover Evoque. Automatic Transmission/Transaxle - Vehicles With: AWF21 6-Speed Automatic Transmission

X = Operating

The planetary gear trains are in the following conditions:

Front Planetary Gear Train

The input shaft rotates in a clockwise direction, driven by the torque converter. The planetary ring gear rotates in a clockwise direction along with the planetary pinion gear which also rotates clockwise on its axis and orbit. The planetary sun gear is locked by the fluid pump which causes it to press against the planetary ring gear and orbit the sun gear, rotating on its axis.

The front planetary carrier rotates clockwise in the same direction as the planetary pinion gear. The clutch (C3) is activated and locks the planetary carrier to the rear planetary middle sun gear. The intermediate shaft rotates in the same direction as the input shaft. Clutch (C2) is also activated and rotates in the same direction as the intermediate shaft.

Rear Planetary Gear Train

The middle sun gear rotates clockwise in the same direction as clutch (C3). The deceleration of the front planetary gear slows the speed of the input shaft. The intermediate shaft rotates clockwise in the same direction as the input shaft. The planetary carrier also rotates clockwise in the same direction as the intermediate shaft.

The long pinion gear rotates clockwise on its axis and orbit. The carrier rotates faster than the middle sun gear which causes the middle pinion gear to be cancelled out by the speed difference. The middle pinion gear orbits and rotates on its axis in a clockwise direction.

The planetary ring gear rotates in a clockwise direction. The speed of the ring gear is faster than the planetary carrier because the long pinion gear's rotation is combined with the planetary carrier's speed. The counter drive gear rotates in a clockwise direction with the ring gear.

The counter driven gear is rotated in a counter-clockwise direction which in turn drives the differential ring gear in a clockwise direction.

NOTE: Engine braking is available when this gear is selected.

Power Flow - 6th Gear

Solenoid Operation

Range Rover Evoque. Automatic Transmission/Transaxle - Vehicles With: AWF21 6-Speed Automatic Transmission

X = Operating

Clutch and Brake Operation

Range Rover Evoque. Automatic Transmission/Transaxle - Vehicles With: AWF21 6-Speed Automatic Transmission

X = Operating

The planetary gear trains are in the following conditions:

Front Planetary Gear Train

The input shaft rotates in a clockwise direction, driven by the torque converter. The intermediate shaft rotates clockwise in the same direction as the torque converter. Clutch (C2) locks the intermediate shaft to the rear planetary carrier.

Rear Planetary Gear Train

The planetary carrier rotates clockwise in the same direction as the intermediate shaft. The planetary long pinion gear rotates clockwise on its axis and orbit. The rotational speed of the middle sun gear increases with input shaft speed because it is locked.

The planetary ring gear rotates in a clockwise direction. The speed of the ring gear is faster than the planetary carrier because the long pinion gear's rotation is combined with the planetary carrier's speed. The counter drive gear rotates in a clockwise direction with the ring gear.

The counter driven gear is rotated in a counter-clockwise direction which in turn drives the differential ring gear in a clockwise direction.

NOTE: Engine braking is available when this gear is selected.

Power Flow - Reverse Gear

Solenoid Operation

Range Rover Evoque. Automatic Transmission/Transaxle - Vehicles With: AWF21 6-Speed Automatic Transmission

X = Operating

Clutch and Brake Operation

Range Rover Evoque. Automatic Transmission/Transaxle - Vehicles With: AWF21 6-Speed Automatic Transmission

X = Operating

The planetary gear trains are in the following conditions:

Front Planetary Gear Train

The input shaft rotates in a clockwise direction, driven by the torque converter. The planetary ring gear rotates clockwise with the input shaft.

The pinion gear rotates clockwise on its axis and orbit. The planetary sun gear is locked by the fluid pump which causes it to press against the planetary ring gear and orbit the sun gear, rotating on its axis. The planetary carrier rotates clockwise with the pinion gear orbit.

Clutch (C3) is activated and rotates clockwise and locks the planetary carrier to the rear planetary middle sun gear.

Rear Planetary Gear Train

The middle sun gear rotates clockwise with the clutch (C3), but at a lower speed than the input shaft. Brake (B2) is activated and locks the planetary carrier. The long pinion gear rotates counter-clockwise which in turn rotates the ring gear counter-clockwise.

The counter drive gear rotates in a counter-clockwise direction with the ring gear at the same speed.

The counter driven gear is rotated in a clockwise direction which in turn drives the differential ring gear in a counter-clockwise direction.

NOTE: Engine braking is available when this gear is selected.

Power Flow Neutral

Solenoid Operation

Range Rover Evoque. Automatic Transmission/Transaxle - Vehicles With: AWF21 6-Speed Automatic Transmission

X = Operating

Clutch and Brake Operation

Range Rover Evoque. Automatic Transmission/Transaxle - Vehicles With: AWF21 6-Speed Automatic Transmission

X = Operating

In neutral, all the solenoids, except the 3 way solenoids, are energised and the clutches and brakes are all disengaged.

This allows rotation from the input shaft to rotate the front planetary gear train without transferring any drive to the differential ring gear.

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