Range Rover Evoque: Front Suspension - Component Location, System Operation and Component Description

Land Rover Range Rover Evoque L538 (2011–2018) Service Manual / Suspension / Front Suspension / Front Suspension - Component Location, System Operation and Component Description

Component Location

Range Rover Evoque. Front Suspension

  1. RH (right-hand) spring and damper assembly
  2. Stabilizer bar link
  3. Stabilizer bar
  4. LH (left-hand) spring and damper assembly
  5. Wheel knuckle
  6. Hub and bearing assembly
  7. Lower control arm
  8. Subframe

Overview

The front suspension features long travel McPherson struts to optimize on and off road performance.

The suspension components are mounted on a subframe. The subframe is mounted on four bushes which have differing compression rates to absorb lateral and longitudinal loading. This provides a rigid platform for front suspension cornering loads, frontal impact absorption and also provides a towing point for off-road recovery.

System Operation and Component Description

System Operation

Not applicable.

Component Description

SPRING AND DAMPER

NOTE: Adaptive dynamics damper shown, standard damper similar.

Range Rover Evoque. Front Suspension

  1. Locknut
  2. Bolts - top mount (3 off)
  3. Upper top mount plate
  4. Top mount bearing
  5. Spring isolator
  6. Spring
  7. Spring Isolator
  8. Damper body
  9. Spring seat
  10. Damper piston rod
  11. Spring aid
  12. Boot

The spring and damper assembly consists of a damper with a coil spring located on a welded spring seat on the damper tube. The lower end of the damper body locates in the wheel knuckle and is clamped with a nut and bolt.

Depending on vehicle specification, the damper is either a conventional damper or a MagneRide damper. The conventional damper functions by restricting the flow of hydraulic fluid through a piston in the damper. The MagneRide damper also functions by restricting the flow of a fluid through the piston, but instead of hydraulic fluid it contains a fluid whose flow properties change when subjected to a magnetic field, which enables the damping rate to be varied.

Refer to: Vehicle Dynamic Suspension (204-05 Vehicle Dynamic Suspension, Description and Operation).

The damper rod is located through a central hole in the top mount assembly. The rod is threaded at its outer end. A self-locking nut secures the damper rod to the top mount. A spring aid is fitted to the top mount bearing to prevent the damper contacting the top mount during full suspension compression, and also to assist the suspension tune. There are different spring aids for conventional and Magneride dampers. The damper rod is sealed at its exit point from the damper body to retain the fluid within the unit and to prevent the ingress of dirt and moisture. The seal also incorporates a wiper to keep the rod clean. A boot is fitted between the damper body and the top mount and protects the damper piston rod from damage.

The coil spring fitted differs with vehicle specification. Each spring is color coded to identify its rating and fitment requirements.

The lower end of the coil spring is located in a spring seat which is an integral part of the damper body and contains a spring isolator. The design of the spring seat prevents the spring rotating. The spring has a linear rate compression and is inclined to counter cornering forces. The opposite end of the coil spring is also located in a spring isolator which is fitted in the top mount bearing assembly. Both spring isolators are made from rubber and reduce any noise, produced during damper and spring compression/extension, from being transmitted to the vehicle body.

The top mount bearing is pressed onto the top mount. The top mount bearing reduces steering resistance by preventing the spring from 'winding' up when the steering in turned. The top mount attaches to the suspension turret with three bolts.

Two brackets are welded to the damper body. One bracket provides for the attachment of the stabilizer link. The second bracket provides for the attachment of the brake hose, the wheel speed sensor cable and, on vehicles with dynamic suspension, the MagneRide damper cable. This bracket also positively locates the damper into the wheel knuckle and its location is critical to controlling the vehicle trim height.

LOWER CONTROL ARM

Range Rover Evoque. Front Suspension

  1. Nut - rear attachment (2 off)
  2. Hydrabush
  3. Taper ball joint
  4. Bolt - rear attachment (2 off)
  5. Bolt - front attachment
  6. Ball bush
  7. Subframe

The lower control arm assembly consists of a forged aluminum control arm, a rubber bush, a hydrabush and a ball joint.

The ball joint attaches the outer end of the lower control arm to the wheel knuckle. A nut and bolt clamp the ball joint stud to the wheel knuckle.

Two inner attachments locate the inner end of the lower control arm in the subframe. The forward attachment is a non-serviceable rubber bush which is pressed into the control arm. This joint locates in a slot in the subframe and is secured with a bolt which is screwed into a threaded boss on the subframe.

The rearward attachment is a hydrabush which is located on a spigot on the control arm. The hydrabush has two welded brackets which provides for its attachment to the subframe with two bolts and nuts. The hydrabush contains hydraulic fluid and valves which allow controlled displacement of the bush to improve bump and handling characteristics and also reduce road noise transmission. The bush becomes progressively stiffer as the forces on it increase, such as severe braking.

WHEEL KNUCKLE AND HUB

Range Rover Evoque. Front Suspension

  1. Clamp bolt
  2. Locknut
  3. Wheel knuckle
  4. ABS (anti-lock brake system) wheel speed sensor mounting
  5. Steering tie-rod attachment
  6. Locknut
  7. Circlip
  8. Wheel stud
  9. Wheel hub
  10. Wheel bearing
  11. Disc shield attachment
  12. Clamp bolt
  13. Brake caliper attachment

The cast steel wheel knuckle provides the attachment for the lower control arm, spring and damper assembly, wheel hub, bearing assembly and the steering tie-rod.

The extended lower boss on the knuckle provides for the attachment of the steering gear tie-rod ball joint.

The upper section of the wheel knuckle has a location hole for the damper body. The damper body slides into the hole and locates against an abutment. The rear face of the hole is split and allows the damper body to be clamped in the wheel knuckle with a nut and bolt.

Mounting locations are provided for the brake caliper and the brake disc shield. A hole in the top face of the wheel knuckle provides the location for the ABS wheel speed sensor, which is secured with a bolt.

The wheel hub is located in the wheel bearing, which is installed in the wheel knuckle and secured with a circlip. The inner face of the wheel bearing incorporates a pulse ring for the ABS sensor.

STABILIZER BAR

Range Rover Evoque. Front Suspension

  1. Locknut (hidden)
  2. Ball joint
  3. Link
  4. Ball joint
  5. Locknut
  6. Stabilizer bar
  7. Bush (2 off)
  8. Nut (4 off)
  9. Clamp (2 off)
  10. Collar
  11. Bolt (4 off)

The stabilizer bar is attached to the rear of the subframe with bushes and mounting brackets. The pressed steel brackets locate over the bushes and are attached to the cross member with nuts and bolts. The stabilizer bar has 'anti-shuffle' collars crimped in position on the inside edges of the bushes. The collars prevent sideways movement of the stabilizer bar.

Each end of the stabilizer bar curves forwards to attach to a ball joint on a stabilizer link. Each stabilizer link is secured to a bracket on the damper body with a locknut. The links, which are not handed, allow the stabilizer bar to move with the wheel travel.

The stabilizer bar bushes are the compression type which grip the bar under compression by the mounting brackets. When fitting replacement bushes, it is important to ensure the bushes have the correct color code and are correctly orientated to the bar. Failure to correctly align the bushes will result in excessive pre-load (wind-up) in the bushes when the suspension is at its nominal ride height.

Front Suspension

Coil Spring Suspension

Range Rover Evoque. Front Suspension

Road Spring and Isolator Identification

Range Rover Evoque. Front Suspension

Torque Specifications

Range Rover Evoque. Front Suspension

* New nuts/bolts must be installed

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