Range Rover Evoque: Body Closures - Component Location, System Operation and Component Description

Land Rover Range Rover Evoque L538 (2011–2018) Service Manual / Body and Paint / Body Closures / Body Closures - Component Location, System Operation and Component Description

Component Location

Powered Tailgate - Component Location

  1. Tailgate module
  2. Powered strut
  3. Tailgate open button
  4. Tailgate close button
  5. Latch assembly
  6. Powered cinch motor
  7. Powered strut

OVERVIEW

Tailgate

The tailgate is constructed from two lightweight plastic composite parts (inner and outer lower), which are bonded together to make the finished single piece tailgate. The outer lower is constructed from polypropylene, similar to a bumper construction to provide increased bump resistance.

Depending on vehicle specification the tailgate is offered with either:

The powered tailgate is opened and closed by two electrically driven spindles mounted in place of the gas struts as used on the manual tailgate.

The spindle assembly has ball joints at either end allowing it to articulate between the fixed mounts on the vehicle. The nominal opening and closing time of the system is 5 seconds (+/2.0 seconds).

The tailgate operates using an electronic latch with the addition of a soft-close power cinching unit to pull the latch closed for the last 6 mm of travel (soft close). The latch and power-cinch unit are both located in the tailgate.

In addition to the powered movement of the tailgate, the closing mechanism of the tailgate has a soft-close power cinching unit. The cinching unit pulls the latch closed at the end of the tailgate's travel, once the latches' secondary switch is reached. The latch and power-cinch unit are both housed within the tailgate.

System Operation and Component Description

Control Diagram

Range Rover Evoque. Body Closures

A = Hardwired; F = RF (radio frequency) Transmission; N = Medium-Speed CAN (controller area network)

  1. Battery
  2. EJB (engine junction box)
  3. RJB (rear junction box)
  4. Powered cinch motor
  5. Tailgate module
  6. KVM (keyless vehicle module)
  7. Close switch - tailgate close edge
  8. Release button - Smart Key
  9. Radio frequency receiver
  10. Release switch - number-plate plinth
  11. CJB (central junction box) incorporating the BCM (Body Control Module)
  12. RF (radio frequency) filter - rear wiper motor
  13. Release switch - vehicle interior
  14. Latch assembly
  15. Powered strut
  16. Powered strut

System Operation

Powered Tailgate

The powered opening and closing actions are controlled by the tailgate module. The module receives a permanent battery power supply from the RJB.

To initiate the tailgate opening sequence a 'tailgate release-request' is received by the CJB from one of the following:

The CJB responds with the following simultaneous actions:

The processing of the opening signal by the CJB is influenced by a number of factors:

Once the latch is released the tailgate module actuates the motors located in each powered strut to raise the tailgate to its fully open or pre-set position. When the tailgate is in its opening cycle the automatic stop-position of the tailgate is functioned by a hall-sensor located in the motor. The hall-sensor signal transmitted to the tailgate module is synchronized with the pre-set memory indicating the stop position of the tailgate.

To close the tailgate a hardwired signal is transmitted directly to the tailgate module when the switch located on tailgate's closing edge is pressed and then released. The module operates the spindle motors in the opposite direction to close the tailgate to the latch position.

When the latch engages with the striker plate a signal transmitted from the latches' secondary switch, located in the actuator mechanism, to the tailgate module confirms the latch is engaged. The module de-activates the spindle-drive and activates the power cinch-motor to pull the latch closed through the last 6mm of travel. This is the latches primary fully-closed position. The power cinch motor then reverses to allow the latch to be opened upon the next release request. A mechanical Bowden cable connection between the motor and latch assembly is used to complete the closing process of claw contraction and then reverse.

If the battery is disconnected when the tailgate is closed, the stored and calibrated tailgate opening heights will remain stored when the battery is reconnected. However if power supply to the tailgate module is disconnected when the tailgate is open the system will not recognize the tailgate's position and subsequently will not function to any switch commands when power is reinstated. To reset the system, the tailgate must be moved manually to the closed position where it will perform a soft-close and reset the hall-sensor counters to zero.

NOTE: If required the tailgate can be opened and closed manually.

CAUTION: DO NOT CLOSE THE TAILGATE IF THE VEHICLE BATTERY IS DISCONNECTED. It is advisable to close the latch claw when working on a vehicle with the battery disconnected to prevent accidental closure.

Powered Strut

Powered strut components

Range Rover Evoque. Body Closures

  1. Inner tube
  2. Outer tube
  3. Ball joint
  4. Outer tube spindle nut
  5. Spindle
  6. Springs
  7. Gear
  8. Motor
  9. Ball joint

The powered struts open and close the tailgate using an electrically driven spindle located in the struts internal electric motor. Ball-joints positioned at each end of the strut allow it to articulate between a fixed mount on the vehicle and the moveable tailgate. The tailgate opening operation is also aided by spring assistance.

The spindle drive comprises an inner and outer tube where the motor and gears in the inner tube drive a threaded spindle which runs on a threaded nut fixed to the inside of the outer tube.

The spindle drive incorporates an object detection function controlled by the tailgate module. The function is similar to the anti-trap function of a closing electric window but operates in both directions. If the object detection feature is activated while the tailgate is closing, the spindle motor stopped and then reversed for a preset period. If the object detection feature is activated while the tailgate is opening, the spindle motor is stopped and held at that position.

A hall sensor, located in the spindle motor, monitors the speed of the motor. If the speed decreases below a set threshold, indicating an obstruction and increasing the motor current draw, the power feed to the motor is reversed causing the tailgate to move in the opposite direction of travel.

The amount of travel in the opposite direction, before stopping, is determined by the hall sensor count. An exception to the object detection reverse travel function occurs when the tailgate is opening through its first few degrees of travel from the latched position. In these circumstances if an obstacle is detected the tailgate stops in the position of the obstruction and no travel in the opposite direction occurs.

Component Description

Powered Tailgate

Tailgate - release switches

The tailgate can be opened using the following:

These switches will also de-latch the manual tailgate.

  1. Vehicle interior - release switch
  2. Smart Key - release button
  3. Vehicle exterior - release switch

Tailgate - close switch

The tailgate close switch is located on the tailgate closing edge.

The powered tailgate can also be manually closed, to either the latches' secondary or primary position, without causing any damage to the power mechanism.

Range Rover Evoque. Body Closures

  1. Close switch

The tailgate can be stopped at any time during the open or close cycle by a single press on any of the tailgate control switches. Thereafter:

For further information, see chart below.

The tailgate has a 'Garage Position' setting, where it is possible to set the maximum height to which the tailgate will open.

To set the required height:

The maximum opening height is now set. To reset the maximum opening height to full, repeat the process, but fully open the tailgate before pressing and holding the close switch.

NOTE: If the Smart Key is left inside the luggage compartment and the vehicle is locked and the alarm set, an audible warning will sound and the tailgate will re-open after three seconds.

The opening and closing control strategies are listed in the following chart:

Range Rover Evoque. Body Closures

If any object is detected that would interfere with the closing of the tailgate, the tailgate will stop and reverse a short distance. An audible mislock warning, that is 2 beeps from the security sounder, will indicate either a failed closing action or object detection. Any obstructions must be removed before pressing the close switch again.

The powered tailgate may lose its position memory if:

The above may also inhibit the powered operation of the tailgate.

To reset the tailgate:

The tailgate programmed position memory will now be restored.

Body Closures

Torque Specifications

Range Rover Evoque. Body Closures

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